precedent: Famine

Rowan Gillespie Commissioned by Norma Smurfit Norma Smurfit commissioned the memorial known as ‘Famine’ located on Customs House Quay in Dublin, Ireland. This memorial pays dedication to the Irish people forced to emigrate during the 19th century Irish Famine. The location is particularly appropriate because of it being the location of the first voyages of…

precedent: New England Holocaust Memorial

Stanley Saitowitz Commissioned by the American Association of Jewish Holocaust Survivors of Greater Boston & the city of Boston A Holocaust survivor, Stephan Ross was on a mission when immigrating to the United States in 1948. He wanted to remember the lost of his family members among the six million Jewish victims and other innocent…

Precedent: The Irish Hunger Memorial

Landscape architect Gail Wittwer-Laird, 1100 Architects, & Artist Brian Tollel Commissioned by the Battery Park City Authority The Irish Hunger Memorial was commissioned by the Battery Park city authority to recognize the Great Irish Famine that took place from 1845 to 1852.  During the famine’s duration, one million lives were lost due to starvation/related disease…

precedent: LATIN CROSS

Title: Latin Cross Author: unknown Location: N/A Year: N/A Description: 2 linear members, one shorter then the other, that come together in opposite orientations Almost all can recognize the Latin cross as the main symbol of Christianity.  Most are familiar with the story of the death and crucifixion of Jesus on the cross, and understand that the cross is…

precedent: MONUMENT TO MEMORY AND LIGHT

Title: Monument to Memory and Light Author: Daniel Libeskind  Location: Padova, Italy Year Complete: 2005 Description: 2 freestanding steel and glass walls that come together at a corner-56 ft. tall-2500 sq. ft. The attack on 9/11, while taking place in the United States, was felt globally.  People from all around the world mourned with Americans, cried with the families who…

precedent: MEMORIAL TO PEACE AND JUSTICE

Title: MEMORIAL TO PEACE AND JUSTICE Author: MASS Design Group Location: Montgomery, Alabama Year complete: 2017 Description: a square made up of 800 columns  The Memorial to Peace and Justice is meant to memorialize the 4000+ victims of lynching in American South. The EJI, Equal Justice Initiative, is an organization that “is committed to ending mass…

precedent: MEMORIAL TO THE DEAD OF HIROSHIMA

Title: MEMORIAL TO THE DEAD OF HIROSHIMA Author: Isamu Noguchi Location: Hiroshima, Japan Year Complete: Unrealized Year Commisioned: 1951 Description: A heavy black granite arch, with legs below grade and peak above, guarding a subterranean cenotaph. In August 1945, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the imperialist enemy of Japan.  The first of the two hit Hiroshima on…

precedent: MEMORY WOUND – MEMORIAL TO THE VICTIMS OF JULY 22

Title: MEMORY WOUND- MEMORIAL TO THE VICTIMS OF JULY 22 Authors: Jonas Dahlberg Location: Sørbråten, Norway Year: 2017 Description: 3.5 meter cut through a small peninsula on the island of Sørbråten.  On July 22, 2010 a lone gunman bombarded a summer camp on the island of Utoya, off the coast of Norway killing 69 people. By 2012…

precedent: A SUBTLETY

Title: A SUBTLETY, OR THE MARVELOUS SUGAR BABY AN HOMAGE TO THE UNPAID AND OVERWORKED ARTISANS WHO HAVE REFINED OUR SWEET TASTES FROM THE CAN FIELDS TO THE KITCHENS OF THE NEW WORLD ON THE OCCASION OF THE DEMOLITION OF THE DOMINO SUGAR REFINING PLANT Authors: Kara Walker Location: Brooklyn, NY Year complete: 2014 (temporary installation)…

precedent: JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY MEMORIAL

Title: JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY MEMORIAL Author: Philip Johnson Location: Dallas, Texas Year Complete: 1970 Description: a cenotaph – 30 ft x 50 ft x 50 ft, openings facing the north and south John F. Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States of America. He was in office from 1961 until the time of his…

precedent: ABSENT MONUMENT -MEMORIAL TO FRANKFURT’S DEPORTED JEWS

Title: ABSENT MONUMENT- MEMORIAL TO FRANKFURT’S DEPORTED JEWS Authors: OP – Neils Petersen and Jennifer Dahm Peterson Location: Frankfurt, Germany Years Designed: 2011 Not Built Description: Square structure in the Main River creating the illusion of an infinite void of falling water From 1941-1945 10,000 German Jews were deported from Frankfurt to concentration camps. They were sent through…

precedent: USS ARIZONA MEMORIAL

Title: USS ARIZONA MEMORIAL Authors: Alfred Preis Location: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Year complete: 1962 Description: 184′ long, 36′ wide, 21′ high structure supported over USS Arizona wreckage by 36 concrete pilings and two 250 ton steel girders. The memorial was designed by Alfred Pries, an Austrian born, Jewish descended architect who fled Europe when the Nazis invaded Austria.  After…