precedent: Sichuan Earthquake Memorial Landscape

Title: Thousand Flowers of Sichuan Architect: CJ Lim Studio 8 Architects Location: Sichuan, China Year complete: 2008 (proposal) Description: A convoy of inflatable canopies that floats over the devastated area like clouds sailing across the skies. In May 12, 2008, An 8M (surface wave magnitude) earthquake hit Wenchuan, Sichuan. The earthquake’s epicenter was located 50 mi west-northwest of Chengdu,…

precedent: MEMORIAL TO PEACE AND JUSTICE

Title: MEMORIAL TO PEACE AND JUSTICE Author: MASS Design Group Location: Montgomery, Alabama Year complete: 2017 Description: a square made up of 800 columns  The Memorial to Peace and Justice is meant to memorialize the 4000+ victims of lynching in American South. The EJI, Equal Justice Initiative, is an organization that “is committed to ending mass…

precedent: MEMORIAL TO THE DEAD OF HIROSHIMA

Title: MEMORIAL TO THE DEAD OF HIROSHIMA Author: Isamu Noguchi Location: Hiroshima, Japan Year Complete: Unrealized Year Commisioned: 1951 Description: A heavy black granite arch, with legs below grade and peak above, guarding a subterranean cenotaph. In August 1945, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the imperialist enemy of Japan.  The first of the two hit Hiroshima on…

precedent: Memorial to victim of violence

Title: Memorial to victim of violence Architect: Gaeta-Springall Architect Location: Chapultepec, Mexico City Year complete: 2013 Description: Forest of steel walls in different heights, densities, and conditions, surrounding by trees, water and concrete lanes and benches. According to government report, released in January 2012, showed that 47,515 had died in drug war violence between 2006.12.01…

precedent: MEMORY WOUND – MEMORIAL TO THE VICTIMS OF JULY 22

Title: MEMORY WOUND- MEMORIAL TO THE VICTIMS OF JULY 22 Authors: Jonas Dahlberg Location: Sørbråten, Norway Year: 2017 Description: 3.5 meter cut through a small peninsula on the island of Sørbråten.  On July 22, 2010 a lone gunman bombarded a summer camp on the island of Utoya, off the coast of Norway killing 69 people. By 2012…

precedent: A SUBTLETY

Title: A SUBTLETY, OR THE MARVELOUS SUGAR BABY AN HOMAGE TO THE UNPAID AND OVERWORKED ARTISANS WHO HAVE REFINED OUR SWEET TASTES FROM THE CAN FIELDS TO THE KITCHENS OF THE NEW WORLD ON THE OCCASION OF THE DEMOLITION OF THE DOMINO SUGAR REFINING PLANT Authors: Kara Walker Location: Brooklyn, NY Year complete: 2014 (temporary installation)…

precedent: JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY MEMORIAL

Title: JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY MEMORIAL Author: Philip Johnson Location: Dallas, Texas Year Complete: 1970 Description: a cenotaph – 30 ft x 50 ft x 50 ft, openings facing the north and south John F. Kennedy was the 35th president of the United States of America. He was in office from 1961 until the time of his…

precedent: ABSENT MONUMENT -MEMORIAL TO FRANKFURT’S DEPORTED JEWS

Title: ABSENT MONUMENT- MEMORIAL TO FRANKFURT’S DEPORTED JEWS Authors: OP – Neils Petersen and Jennifer Dahm Peterson Location: Frankfurt, Germany Years Designed: 2011 Not Built Description: Square structure in the Main River creating the illusion of an infinite void of falling water From 1941-1945 10,000 German Jews were deported from Frankfurt to concentration camps. They were sent through…

precedent: Reflecting Absence_World Trade Center Memorial

Title: Reflecting Absence: World Trade Center Memorial Architect: Michael Arad, Peter Walker (landscape architect) Location: New York, New York Year Complete: 2011 Description: Two large, recessed pool on the footprint of the Twin Towers, clad in Jet Mist granite. (192′ x 192′) In September 11, 2001, two hijacked planes were crashed into the Twin Towers,…

precedent: USS ARIZONA MEMORIAL

Title: USS ARIZONA MEMORIAL Authors: Alfred Preis Location: Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Year complete: 1962 Description: 184′ long, 36′ wide, 21′ high structure supported over USS Arizona wreckage by 36 concrete pilings and two 250 ton steel girders. The memorial was designed by Alfred Pries, an Austrian born, Jewish descended architect who fled Europe when the Nazis invaded Austria.  After…

precedent: PASSAGES- A MEMORIAL TO WALTER BENJAMIN

Title: Passages: Memorial to Walter Benjamin Author: Dani Karavan Location: Portbou, Spain Year Complete: 1994 Description: Steel staircase penetrating cliff side. 5 steel steps off the side of a path, 4m x 4m steel plate with cube resting in middle  Walter Benjamin was a German Jewish philosopher and cultural critic.  Benjamin moved from Berlin to Paris in the…

precedent: MONUMENT TO THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL

Title: MONUMENT TO THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL Author: Vladimir Tatlin Location: Saint Petersburg, Russia (never built) Year complete: never built Description: a twin helix structure built of iron, glass, and steel – 400 m (1300 ft) tall The Monument to the Third International was the design of painter and Russian constructivist Vladimir Tatlin. In 1917, during the…